What is pruning? It is the most common maintenance procedure. Pruning is when you trim your tree by cutting away the dead and over grown branches or stems.
Why should we prune our trees? We prune our trees to shape, train, and control the size. Also to remove the damaged branches and renovate them. It helps to keep the insects and decay organisms out of the tree.
There are three different types of pruning. There’s thinning, heading, and shearing.
Thinning is selective removing, by removing bulks such as an entire cane or section. Because you are doing it in bulks you are less likely to end up with clusters of branching than you are making a headed cut. Thinning opens up the shrub which helps prevent disease and also reduces the overall height.
Heading you cut further back to a head or shoot. Heading stimulates the bud just below the cut and promotes branching which fills in the shrub
Lastly, Shearing which is non- selective heading, people use shearing when doing unnatural cuts. It is appropriate for formal hedges or square form. Shearing stimulates many buds to produce new growth, so you’ll be repeating the job regularly once you start.
The goal with pruning is to end up with a natural look. You never want to force a tree to be something that it is not. You have to learn and know the natural growth for a tree. Is it a cane, mounding, or does it have a upright shape. In class we have been going outside and observing our trees to see what kind of tree it is and what kind of pruning it may need. You want to pay close attention to the way the tree is suppose to go. Make sure you start early and train your plant and also keep up with it and prune every year.